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"Location choice of the firms and employment suburbanisation"

Along the twentieth century, the suburbs of the western metropolitan areas have gained an increasing importance in terms of both population and employment. This thesis specifically deals with the employment pattern.
If a greater city means a greater probability to be multipolar, the multipolarisation is many folds. As far as greater Paris is concerned,suburbanisation entails an enlargement of the dense area, the rise of suburban clusters and the spread of a non-dense area. The industrial activities are more and more concentrated and yet the territories remain diversified.
Not only do jobs follow people, but firms also happen to initiate the process. They can decide to move on their own because of urban costs (land, transportation) or because they expect that a suburban location might increase their productivity. Their relocation can trigger changes in the location choices of the households and thus lead to new urban employment and population patterns.

Keywords: Urban Economy, Industry -- Location, Urban Areas, Suburbanisation, Economic Clusters

Map of Greater Paris (partie 2)
Clusters and their industrial definition in the Greater Paris Area

Map of the clusters in 1975

Map of the clusters in 1999

Types of clusters in 1999

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